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HTLM Elements:

HTML documents are nothing more than a series of elements.  The elements tell the browser what to do.  Like us in the western world browsers read from the top left to the bottom right. Elements are enclosed within 2 characters, the < less than, and the > greater than characters. 
 

Case sensitive:
HTML elements are not case sensitive, <BR> means the same as <br>.  With the next generation of HTML coming (XHTML) which is case sensitive, it's good practice to use only lower case characters.

Elements:
Elements start with the < character and end with the /> characters, most elements do require a closing tag.  The contents of the element tell the browser what you want it to do.
This is an element:
<b>This is an element</b> this will display as, This is an element
The <b> tag means that we want the contents within the tags to display as bold text, the </b> tells the browser that this is the end of bold text.  As you can see the tags are not displayed by the browser.

Attributes:
Tags may have attributes, attributes are used to further define the element.
This is a tag with attributes:
<font color="#800000"><b>This is an element</b></font> this will display as This is an element
We open the tag with < we add the attribute, font color=, then we define the color we want "#800000" then we add <b> because we want the text to be bold, next is the </b> which means end of bold text and finally we close the font tag with </font>.

It's not important that you understand the above tags at this time, I only wanted to show you how we can further define an element.

Next lesson:

Formatting text--->

 

Tozo
5-4-2003


 
 

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